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Research Summaries 2 & 3

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Assignment Overview

Write a 350-450 word paper summarizing an article that takes a position on your chosen controversy. RS2 and RS3 should take different positions on the controversy.

Article Selection

Your article should be:

Summary Section

The first part of your summary should be a concise but thorough summary of the position this source is advocating. Begin by introducing the article: who wrote it, what is it about, what controversy is it engaging with, and what position does it take? Then clearly describe two or three main points that the author makes to support their position, and explain what kind of evidence the author uses for each claim.

An effective research summary should be descriptive, rather than evaluative. Do not give your opinion of the article, or the controversy. Write in a formal tone, using a scholarly style. Back up your description with quotes when appropriate, followed by the page number in parentheses. Rather than covering all the points an author makes, clearly synthesize the information into a useful summary.

Comments Section

The second (shorter) part of your summary should be a discussion of the author’s bias.

A bias is a perspective that affects how people see an issue. Of course, everyone will have an opinion, but bias is separable from opinion. An author’s bias is his/her particular viewpoint, related to a range of things such as: political beliefs, community investment, place of residence, employment, age, or religion. S/he may believe that we should ban plastic bags (an opinion), and s/he may belong to the Sierra Club (indicating an environmentalist bias). Someone may believe that Texas should allow natural gas exploration with minimal regulation (an opinion), but s/he may work for British Petroleum (indicating a pro-corporate bias).

To the best of your ability, explain what bias this author demonstrates in his/her writing. How can you identify the author’s bias? Consider, for instance, the following as indications of bias:

Explain also how this bias comes forth in the writing. Is the article heavily biased, or is it written in an objective tone? In the article itself, you might look at:


Research Content



Note: research summaries that do not meet these parameters will not be accepted.